Since the recent development in cryptography and resulting cryptocurrencies, security and privacy have been key in the industry. Various blockchains provide their own security measures to make the network as secure as possible. Zero-Knowledge proof (ZKP) is a security measure that makes the verifier show that they know the answer to a particular question/puzzle without actually giving out the actual answer. It allows you to prove that you know some secret(s) to somebody else at the “other” end of communication without actually revealing it.
Zero-Knowledge proof is a mathematical expression that is carried out by the prover and verifier. There can be many provers and verifiers for one ZKF protocol. It is hard and confusing explaining such a phenomenon to one with no knowledge in cryptography but the illustrations below will offer a clearer picture.
https://www.tokens24.com/cryptopedia/ba ... -explained